"Ukrainian State Museum of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945" is the former name of the majestic memorial complex located on the high Pechersk hills on the right bank of the Dnieper river in Kiev.
In 2015, the museum received a new official name “National Museum of the History of Ukraine in World War II. Memorial Complex ".
This great museum was inaugurated on May 9, 1981 (Day Of Victory in USSR), with the participation of Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev himself, the supreme leader of the Soviet Union — communist empire, which then included Ukraine.
The new memorial complex amazed the people of Kiev with its incredible scale and grandeur. The main sculpture "Mother - Motherland" alone, made of stainless steel, reached a height of 102 meters, and became the tallest monumental sculpture in Europe, even higher than the Statue of Liberty in New York by 9 meters. Inside the monument, from the upper hall, there is an elevator with an inclination, then inside the statue itself there is another elevator, and then there are iron stairs that lead to viewing platforms arranged on the head and behind the shield "Mother - Motherland". You can get there by paying money to the museum's cashier.
The entire memorial complex is located on a huge area of ??10 hectares. This is a museum with a monument "Mother - Motherland", the main square with an alley of hero cities, sculptural compositions dedicated to the crossing of the Dnieper and other great battles, the grandiose bowl "Fire of Glory", an exhibition of military equipment - aircraft, tanks, torpedo boat, armored train and even Soviet ballistic missiles with nuclear warheads, which could theoretically be inside them.
In the early 80s, when the museum had just opened, the war in Afghanistan was actively gaining momentum. The Soviet Union took a direct part in it. During the hostilities in Afghanistan, the Soviet troops suffered heavy losses, it was not possible to achieve victory. In 1989, Soviet troops left the territory of Afghanistan. After the end of this war, in a separate building of the museum complex, the exposition "On foreign wars" was opened. On the outer site are samples of military equipment that were used in hostilities in the territory of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan.
Thus, the memorial complex has become a museum of more than one war, and that war, unfortunately, was not the last ...
In December 2013, the Revolution of Dignity broke out in Ukraine, its goal was to overthrow the corrupt regime of the dictator Yanukovych, a protege of Putin's Russia. The confrontation between the Ukrainian people and the pro-Kremlin tyrant lasted for several months. But already in February 2014, at the cost of more than a hundred human lives, the dictatorial regime was finally overthrown. Yanukovych fled to Russia and called on Putin to send troops into Ukraine.
The Russian-speaking population of Ukraine, mostly from Crimea and Donbass, supported Yanukovych and Putin. Taking advantage of this, the troops of the Russian Federation began an invasion of the territory of Crimea, where, since Soviet times, their military fleet has been permanently based.
The base of the Russian Black Sea Fleet in Sevastopol became a launching pad for the invasion of Russian troops. On the territory of Ukraine, they came without identification marks and without a declaration of war.
After the occupation and annexation of Crimea by the Russians, the process of seizing power in the Donbas began. Russian military personnel seized Donbass under the guise of mercenaries, using the support of the local pro-Russian population, which hated Ukraine and sought to obtain Russian citizenship.
In response, Ukrainian troops launched an anti-terrorist operation of the ATO - the purpose of which was to resolutely protect the territory of Ukraine from the invasion of Russian invaders.
Thanks to the support of Ukrainian volunteers, many of whom were surrounded by the enemy and gave their lives in the "boilers" (encircled troops) of Ilovaisk and Debaltseve, the Armed Forces of Ukraine still managed to recapture most of the Donetsk and Luhansk regions, and come close to the main big cities that were under the rule of Russian mercenaries and local collaborators.
In the process of fierce battles using heavy artillery, ground attack aircraft and other modern types of weapons, the number of civilian casualties rapidly increased, which became increasingly angry with the Ukrainian military.
To stop the mass bloodshed, the conflicting parties had to start negotiating a ceasefire and other further actions, which gradually led to a temporary freeze of the conflict. However, this process, like the conflict, is far from over and is still ongoing.
The museum did not stay away from this new war, which is still smoldering on the territory of Ukraine.
In front of the entrance to the memorial complex, we see an exhibition of equipment samples that were used in hostilities in eastern Ukraine. In addition to tanks and modernized infantry fighting vehicles, we see a UAZ "bukhanka" chained in makeshift armored shields, also an impressive BMW car, a station wagon of the fifth series, repainted in dark green. In this private car, Ukrainian patriots took out the wounded from the battlefield, using all the equipment at their disposal to defend Ukraine. Going further, we will see a site with Russian military equipment destroyed by the Ukrainian military during the battles in the Donbas. This technique was first exhibited in the square in front of the museum, back in the midst of hostilities in July 2014 - as reliable evidence of the fact of the invasion of the Russian Federation into the territory of Ukraine.
Having passed inside the main building of the museum, we see in the hall of the first floor a new exposition "Ukrainian East" dedicated to the war in Donbass.
Who of us, Kiev schoolchildren of the 80s, in those days when we went with the whole class to the museum of war, would then think that this very museum in thirty years in the "beautiful future", will show us how the modern "Red Army" together with the "Cossacks — White Guards of Russian Kingdom" are fighting against Ukraine, and the best Ukrainian patriots die in the battles with this aggressive Russian scum?
We see the personal belongings of the ATO soldiers, a samsung tablet pierced by a bullet, mobile phones, drawings of children, notes and letters, a Ford Scorpio car terribly shot and partially blown up, a country ambulance riddled with bullets and shrapnel. And on the monitors in the recording they broadcast the same provocative Russian television lie that only a madman can believe ...
Further, we see installations about the battles for the Donetsk airport, about Ukrainian prisoners of war and their abuse ...
Come here and see it all for yourself. Emotions go off scale from the realization of what is happening with Ukraine these days...
Moving on, and we already see various interesting exhibits from the Second World War.
The Second World War became a continuation of the World War I with its millions losses in human lives, which ended in the defeat of the Germans and their allies. There is a Revenge of Germany, which is no longer ruled by Kaiser Wilhelm, but by a former artist (it would be better if he still went to study as an artist ..), a veteran of the First World War, the leader of the "Third Reich" - Adolf Hitler, an aggressive Fuhrer with a wounded psyche who made the holocaust.
The Soviet Union is led by an equally aggressive mass murderer - the bloody Bolshevik dictator Joseph Stalin.
After the First World War, the western part of Ukraine belongs to Poland, and the eastern part, washed out by famine and collective farms, belongs to the Soviet Union.
First, Hitler and Stalin from different sides of the front conquer neighboring Poland, which then included Western Ukraine, and only then those terrible events take place, which the museum of the Second World War actually tells about. Visiting the museum, you will see real artifacts - weapons, equipment, documents, awards, propaganda posters, photographs, newsreels, staff maps, bulletproof helmets and uniforms. Stunning panoramas of the Battle of Kiev and the final attack of the Reichstag in Berlin. Detailed interiors of the captain's cabin of a naval military destroyer or a partisan dugout in the forest ...
An impressive model of the Soviet aircraft carrier Kiev, built in the 1976 at the largest shipyard in Nikolaev
At the end of the exposition, there is a memorial hall with many photographs of Ukrainians who died in the war. Further, going up to the very last floor of the museum, we find ourselves in a majestic hall made of white marble. In the center of the high dome of the upper hall is a huge order of victory. It is in this room that you can enter the same elevator at an angle that will take you to the foot of the statue of the Motherland, from where the path begins up to the observation platforms, equipped at the tops of this huge museum territory.
On August 22, 2020, in Kiev on the territory of the museum complex, on the eve of the Independence Day, the State Flag of Ukraine with a size of 16 ? 24 meters was raised. The height of its flagpole was 90 meters and became a record in Ukraine.
If you plan a trip to Kiev to visit the War Museum and other attractions of our great city, the Pearl hotel invites you to book inexpensive and comfortable rooms.